CREATIVE ARTICLES, SCIENCE AND TECH

MENINGITIS OUTBREAK: BE INFORMED, IMPORTANT FACTS YOU SHOULD KNOW.


As Nigeria continues to battle the recent outbreak of Cerebrospinal Meningitis, CSM, serotype C, a total of 745 people have been confirmed dead of 8,057 suspected cases as at April 17, 2017.

Meningitis is inflammation of the meninges. The meninges is the collective name for the three membranes that envelope the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system), called the dura mater, the arachnoid mater, and the pia mater.

Meningitis is a dangerous infectious disease caused by bacteria or virus. The bacteria type is the more deadly one.

Meningitis type A and C are largely responsible for large outbreaks in Nigeria every year – especially during hot and dry seasons.

TRANSMISSION
It is transmitted from person to person through droplets (secretions) from nose and mouth.
It also spreads due to poor hygiene and polluted water.

Symptoms
Early symptoms of
meningitis broadly include:
1. Vomiting
2. Nausea
3. Muscle pain
4. High temperature (fever)
5. Headache
6. Cold hands and feet
7. A rash that does not fade under pressure. This rash might start as a few small spots in any part of the body – it may spread rapidly and look like
fresh bruises. This happens because
blood has leaked into tissue under the skin. The rash or spots may initially fade, and then come back.

QUICK DIAGNOSES
The GLASS TEST

This is an easy way of recognising meningitis through the rash that appears,

1. Press the side of a drinking glass firmly against the rash. 2. If the rash fades and loses color under
pressure it is not a meningitis rash.
3. If it does not change color you should contact a doctor immediately.

PREVENTION
It is preventable.
Ensure you and your family members are vaccinated against meningitis in a Government health facility. Meningitis vaccine is very safe and effective.

AFFECTED STATES
The affected states in Nigeria are,
Cross River, federal Capital Territor, Gombe, Jigawa, Kano, Kastina, Kebbi, Lagos and Nassarawa.

Do stay healthy,
Love you
mcn

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